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KING SNAKE PDF Print E-mail

King Snake{Lampropeltis getulus, L. zonata}

Different varieties of king snakes live in all parts of the United States. They are found in logs and under rocks near streams. Extremely long-lived, their longevity record is over twenty-four years.

Appearance
Two subspecies of king snake inhabit this area of California. The Common King Snake is usually banded black and white or black and yellow. The California Mountain King Snake has a black head, white collar and a body banded with wide red and narrow black and white bands banded with red, white and black.

Behavior
King snakes are diurnal (active during the day), but during warm weather they may become more active at night. These non-venomous snakes eat by constricting their prey. Their diet consists of mice, birds, lizards and other snakes.

Deterrents
- Get rid of areas where rodents live and the snakes will more than likely move on to greener pastures.

- Keep all trash in garbage cans with a tight lid

- Remove grass cuttings, weeds and other types of green waste where rats and other rodents may want to next.

- Seal openings in or under buildings. Cover ventilators close to the ground with a inch wire mesh.

-Fill in gopher and squirrel holes with stones and dirt. Snakes use these as passageways.

- Trim shrubs from the ground up several inches to provide ground clearance.

- Remove piles of rocks or other items in which snakes may hide and rodents may nest.

- The best protection against rattlesnakes in the yard is a rattlesnake proof fence. However, it can be expensive and requires maintenance. The fence should either be solid or wire mesh with holes no larger than inch. It should be at least 3 feet high with the bottom buried a few inches in the ground. Slanting your snake fence outward about 30-degree angle will help. Vegetation should be kept away from the fence since the snake could crawl to the top of an adjacent tree or shrub. Discourage snakes by removing piles of boards or rocks around the home. Use caution when removing those piles- there may already be a snake there. Encouraging and protecting natural competitors like gopher snakes, king snakes will reduce the rattlesnake population in the immediate area.

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